Swimming Glossary© Copyright: Gunther Frank, Koordinative Fähigkeiten im Schwimmen (Coordinative Proficiency in Schwimming) 2002 Floating Log paddling
Glide forward with hands describing an figure-of-8 alongside the hip. Movement is induced from the wrist.FD
Face down position Intermittant Swimming
Swim with regular short breaks at pre-determined intervals. BS
Breast Stroke Breast Leaping
As in dolphin leaping: a breast stroke is executed just before breaking the surface then you dive back to the pool floor. KK
Butterfly with breast stroke leg kick Body-Roll
Rotation around the main body axisBF
Pause at the end of the arm-power stroke. The under water phase begins with arms at rest(with two leg strokes while the arms are at rest) Dolphin leap
The push off from the pool floor is assisted by an arm stroke. Second arm stroke is above water for forward propulsion, then dive again to the pool floor. Dorsal
„towards the back", mostly meaning the back of the hand. Third-stroke
Breathe on the third stroke One armed
Swimming with one arm while the other is passive and held in a specified position. Duck-paddle
used with butterfly, crawl, and backstroke by limiting the stroke to the working phase. Flipper
Was a famous tv-dolphin. Means here staying above water by using just the butterly leg kick. Fifth
The fifth and allegedly fastest swim technique, a combination of crawl and back stroke with butterfly kick. Continuous rotation 360° from front to back and to front. Each arm works twice in a row i.e. while on the back,the left arm back-stroke rotates the body from the back to the front, the right arm trails, then the left arm makes a second stroke facing the front etc. Feetwards
Feet point in direction of swim.Gliding
Swim with an extended gliding phase without interrupting the continous flow of the movement.Chicken style BF-BS-CR-BC
Hook your thumbs under the armpit and swim with your elbows. Dog paddle
Arms are pulled only up to the height of the shoulder. Usually done with head above water.Headwards
Head points in direction of swim. CR
Crawl strokeCrawl under water
Arms remain under water for the whole stroke. Breathe by rotating the head.Wall-Swimming
You swim close to the wall so that the wall forces technically correct strokes - a high elbow etc. Motor skills
Sum of all conscious movements.Fingertip drag
while bringing your arm forward drag your fingertips along the surface. Mississippi Steamer
arms are folded in front of the chest and rotated forwards under water like a paddle wheel. Elbows are held outwards
Comes from synchronised swimming. On your back: glide towards the head by holding your hands behind and near the hips and describing a figure of 8 with them. The movement comes from the wrists. Glide towards the feet by the same hand position but the fingertips make the movement.
See also Floating Log - Russian - Torpedo paddling.
oval plastic disks fastened to the hand by rubber straps. Used for specific hand drills and increasing the hand wetted area for more resistance during the pull (strength training)
Bending the wrist towards the palm of the handProgressive
advancing,increasing, over one or more cycles.
The leading arm pauses in the stretched position. The working arm almost catches up (hand passing shoulder position)with it and only then does the waiting arm begin its stroke.Regressive
Diminishing, declining, over one or more cyclesSequential BF-BS-BC-Crawl
after 2,3,4 or 5 strokes, there is a pause. The planned number of strokes is swum progressively.(See body-roll hint) BC
Backstroke Body-Roll BF-BC-Crawl
There is a pause after every accentuated arm stroke. The face is in the water and in crawl and backstroke four to six leg kicks (one to two in butterfly) are carried out. The head is onl then turned to breathe, when the hand leaves the water.
Reversed backstrokeOn the back, towards the feet
The arms swing from behind the head, over water to the thighs and rise to the rear under water. The body moves towards the feet.
An extension of the Windscreen Wiper. The arms describe a figure of eight made of two circles, horizontally. Start with the fingers below the chin and the wrists in a palmar bend. The hands circle forwards and outwards and pull diagonally downwards as they do so.
The arms are held bent at 90° and with elbows and hands at shoulder height lie just on the surface. The hands move to and fro like windscreen wipers. They move together in breast stroke and butterly, sequentially in crawl.
An assymetric or unbalanced kick in breast stroke.
Is a cycle racing expression and means that even at the highest levels of effort,
the transfer in the muscles from tension to relaxation is ideal.
One hand grabs the opposite foot and you swim like thatWhirlpool
A kick done while sitting or on the back, which causes the water to foam like a whirlpool.
A and B swim the same stroke together. B holds A's feet and makes the kick. A makes the arm stroke.
Below water, carry out the complete correct stroke, i.e. for BF-BC-Crawl the arms are brought back to their starting positions over the head.
Water polo BF-BC-Crawl
Swim the usual strokes but with head held high Treading water
Reciprocal knee raising to the chest, whereby the feet describe nearly a vertical circle.
The leading arm pauses in the stretched position. The working arm catches up with it and only then does the waiting arm begin its stroke. Keep the hands at shoulder width
ditto, the arms catch each other up behind the head
Percentage of energy invested to energy applied Zip CR
Imagine a zip along the side of your body to your arm pit. When the hand exits the water try to keep hold of the zip.
Cycling training plan |
Triathlon training plan |
Running training plan |
Crosscountry ski training plan |
Mountain bike training plan